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Javan Slow Loris (Nycticebus javanicus)

Mohamed bin Zayed Species project number 182519928

Community-based wildlife-friendly Fairtrade coffee production and importance of Javan Slow Loris and Common Palm Civet conservation in Java, Indonesia

Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation (Project No. 182519928) - Javan Slow Loris - Awarded $10,000 on February 04, 2019


Java is home to 60% of Indonesia’s population and harbors numerous endemic species. Thus managing agriculture alongside human well-being and biodiversity is vital. With less than 10% of natural forests left, many of Java’s endemic taxa have shown resilience in multi-crop agroforest ecosystems, including the Critically Endangered Javan slow loris Nycticebus javanicus. This species ranges almost exclusively in agroecosystems and is not well covered by the protected area system. Javan slow loris Nycticebus javanicus is a pollinator of coffee shade plants and consumes larval and insect pests. The other species focus of this project, the Javan palm civet Paradoxurus musanga is an important coffee seed disperser and consumer of understory rodent pests. Both species are traded illegally to meet demands for domestic pet trade; the latter is in rapid decline due to an intense trade for commercial civet coffee production. Listed under appendix 1 and III of CITES respectively, with Javan slow loris protected by Act number 5 in Indonesia, conserving these species would help Indonesia fulfill its obligations under CITES.

The aims of this project are: 1) Organize a large-scale workshop with local stakeholders to promote organic and wildlife-friendly farming linked with biodiversity conservation among Java’s small-holder coffee community; 2) Organize training and capacity building programmes for small-holder farmers that includes two regional workshops (one in the Cipaganti area, one in the Kemuning area) with particular focus on the international standards for Fairtrade international certifications (i.e. traceability, pest control, use of pesticides and other hazardous chemicals, crop rotation, soil fertility and crop nutrient management, conditions of employment, development potential, Fairtrade standards for coffee); 3) Emphasise the importance of biodiversity for pollination and maintenance of crops within an agroforestry matrix in the Cipaganti and in the Kemuning areas via pre-post knowledge, awareness, and attitude surveys and analyse data via Cultural Consensus Analysis; 4) Evaluate the role of Javan slow loris and common palm civet in pollination and crop control by sampling pest abundance using observational methods, various traps and Pollard transects. We will examine ranging movements and abundance of lorises and civets in coffee plots with varying use of pesticide and herbicide. Methods will include presence/occupancy-based point methods, home-range related to habitat analysis, and phenology.

Project documents